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Crime, Terrorism & Counterterrorism

This category explores both sides of crime, delving into many different aspects of unlawful conduct. It includes perpetrators as well as victims and those who fought against crime in an effort to establish a safe community environment.

Crime, Terrorism & Counterterrorism Encyclopedia Articles

Featured Articles

Allan Pinkerton
Allan Pinkerton, Scottish-born detective and founder of a famous American private detective agency. Pinkerton was the son of a police sergeant who died when Allan was a child, leaving the family in great poverty. Allan found work as a cooper and soon became involved in Chartism, a mass movement...
Biography
Pinkerton, Allan
The man in the iron mask
The man in the iron mask, political prisoner, famous in French history and legend, who died in the Bastille in 1703, during the reign of Louis XIV. There is no historical evidence that the mask was made of anything but black velvet (velours), and only afterward did legend convert its material into...
Biography
The man in the iron mask
Brandon Teena
Brandon Teena, biologically female individual who lived his life as a male and was murdered by two former friends after they discovered his biological sex. Teena and his story have been at the center of academic and public debates concerning gender and sexuality rights. While it is unclear whether...
Biography
Teena, Brandon
William Burke and William Hare
William Burke and William Hare, pair of infamous murderers for profit who killed their victims and sold the corpses to an anatomist for purposes of scientific dissection. Hare immigrated to Scotland from Ireland and wandered through several occupations before becoming keeper of a lodging house in...
Biography
Tokyo subway attack of 1995
Tokyo subway attack of 1995, coordinated multiple-point terrorist attack in Tokyo on March 20, 1995, in which the odourless, colourless, and highly toxic nerve gas sarin was released in the city’s subway system. The attack resulted in the deaths of 12 (later increased to 13) people, and some 5,500...
Encyclopedia / Crime, Terrorism & Counterterrorism
A wanted poster for three people believed to be connected to the sarin attack on the Tokyo subway system in March 1995. All were in police custody by mid-2012.
Bonnie and Clyde
Bonnie and Clyde, robbery team that became notorious in the United States through their flamboyant encounters with police and the sensationalization of their exploits by the country’s newspapers. Barrow had been a criminal long before he met Parker in January 1930. After 20 months in prison in...
Biography
Bonnie and Clyde
Leopold and Loeb
Leopold and Loeb, two celebrated Chicago murderers of 1924, who confessed to the kidnapping and murder of 14-year-old Robert (“Bobby”) Franks for an “intellectual” thrill. Pleading guilty, Nathan F. Leopold, Jr. (in full Nathan Freudenthal Leopold, Jr.; b. November 19, 1904, Chicago, Illinois,...
Biography
Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant
Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), transnational Sunni insurgent group operating primarily in western Iraq and eastern Syria. First appearing under the name ISIL in April 2013, the group launched an offensive in early 2014 that drove Iraqi government forces out of key western cities,...
Encyclopedia / Crime, Terrorism & Counterterrorism
Iraq: ISIL fighters
September 11 attacks
September 11 attacks, series of airline hijackings and suicide attacks committed in 2001 by 19 militants associated with the Islamic extremist group al-Qaeda against targets in the United States, the deadliest terrorist attacks on American soil in U.S. history. The attacks against New York City and...
Encyclopedia / Crime, Terrorism & Counterterrorism
The routes of the four U.S. planes hijacked during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
Assassination of John F. Kennedy
Assassination of John F. Kennedy, mortal shooting of John F. Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States, as he rode in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963. His accused killer was Lee Harvey Oswald, a former U.S. Marine who had embraced Marxism and defected for a time to the...
Encyclopedia / Crime, Terrorism & Counterterrorism
John F. Kennedy assassinated
Paris attacks of 2015
Paris attacks of 2015, coordinated terrorist attacks that took place in Paris on the evening of November 13, 2015. At least 130 people were killed and more than 350 were injured. France was shaken on January 7, 2015, by a deadly assault on the offices of satiric magazine Charlie Hebdo. A pair of...
Encyclopedia / Crime, Terrorism & Counterterrorism
Paris attacks of 2015
Jack the Ripper
Jack the Ripper, pseudonymous murderer of at least five women, all prostitutes, in or near the Whitechapel district of London’s East End, between August and November 1888. The case is one of the most famous unsolved mysteries of English crime. Some dozen murders between 1888 and 1892 have been...
Biography
coverage of Jack the Ripper in The Illustrated Police News
Guy Fawkes
Guy Fawkes, British soldier and best-known participant in the Gunpowder Plot. Its object was to blow up the palace at Westminster during the state opening of Parliament, while James I and his chief ministers met within, in reprisal for increasing oppression of Roman Catholics in England. Fawkes was...
Biography
Guy Fawkes; Gunpowder Plot
John Walker Lindh
John Walker Lindh, U.S. citizen who was captured along with Taliban fighters in Afghanistan during the Afghanistan War in 2001. In 2002 he agreed to a plea bargain and was sentenced to 20 years in prison. Lindh was released in 2019. The son of a corporate lawyer and a commercial photographer, Lindh...
Biography
Jesse James and Frank James
Jesse James and Frank James, two brothers who were among the most notorious outlaws of the American West, engaging in robberies that came to typify the hazards of the 19th-century frontier as it has been portrayed in motion-picture westerns. Reared on a Missouri farm, Jesse and Frank shared their...
Biography
George Barrington
George Barrington, Irish adventurer notorious for his activities as a pickpocket in England in the 1770s and ’80s; he was falsely said to be the author of several histories of Australia. Barrington’s father was a silversmith named Henry Waldron. About 1771 young Waldron joined a troupe of actors,...
Biography
Barrington, George
USA PATRIOT Act
USA PATRIOT Act, U.S. legislation, passed by Congress in response to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks and signed into law by Pres. George W. Bush in October 2001, that significantly expanded the search and surveillance powers of federal law-enforcement and intelligence agencies. The USA...
Encyclopedia / Crime, Terrorism & Counterterrorism
George W. Bush: signing of USA PATRIOT Act
Alcatraz escape of June 1962
Alcatraz escape of June 1962, jailbreak from the supposedly escape-proof maximum-security federal penitentiary on Alcatraz Island, California, on the night of June 11, 1962. After six months of meticulous preparation, three inmates managed to break out, though it is uncertain if they reached the...
Encyclopedia / Crime, Terrorism & Counterterrorism
Alcatraz Island
Oslo and Ut?ya attacks of 2011
Oslo and Ut?ya attacks of 2011, terrorist attacks on Oslo and the island of Ut?ya in Norway on July 22, 2011, in which 77 people were killed—the deadliest incident on Norwegian soil since World War II. At 3:26 pm an explosion rocked downtown Oslo, shattering windows and damaging buildings. The...
Encyclopedia / Crime, Terrorism & Counterterrorism
The damaged office of the prime minister of Norway one day after a deadly bombing rocked Oslo, July 23, 2011.
Gaius Cassius Longinus
Gaius Cassius Longinus, prime mover in the conspiracy to assassinate Julius Caesar in 44 bc. Little is known of his early life. As a quaestor in 53 bc, Cassius served under Marcus Licinius Crassus and saved the remnants of the Roman army defeated by the Parthians at Carrhae (modern Harran, Turkey)....
Biography
Cassius Longinus, Gaius
Joaquín Murrieta
Joaquín Murrieta, legendary bandit who became a hero of the Mexican-Americans in California. Facts of his life are few and elusive, and much of what is widely known about him is derived from evolving and enduring myth. A Joaquín Murrieta was recorded as baptized in Sonora, Mexico, in 1830; while...
Biography
Jean Laffite
Jean Laffite, privateer and smuggler who interrupted his illicit adventures to fight heroically for the United States in defense of New Orleans in the War of 1812. Little is known of Laffite’s early life, but by 1809 he and his brother Pierre apparently had established in New Orleans a blacksmith...
Biography
Laffite, Jean

Crime, Terrorism & Counterterrorism Encyclopedia Articles

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