You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security.

Geography & Travel

Planet Earth contains some extraordinarily diverse environments, some of which are easily habitable and some not so much. In different areas of Earth, one might find sweltering deserts, dense tropical rainforests, or bone-chilling tundras. Each biome and habitat comes with its own selection of flora and fauna, and it may include physical features such as canyons, volcanoes, rivers, or caves. Human beings have built homes in many different environments, settling the area and organizing it into units such as cities, states, regions, and countries, each with its own points of interest. Shifting trends in human migration have resulted in a human geography that is profoundly different from that of centuries ago.
Browse Subcategories

Featured content, January 18, 2021

What Is Known (and Not Known) About the Bermuda Triangle
People have been trying to solve the “mystery” of the Bermuda Triangle for years. Here’s what we know (and don’t know) about...
Companion / Geography & Travel
Big Sur. Pacific Ocean. Waves. Beach. Point Sur on the Pacific coastline near Big Sur, California.
Is "Holland" the Same Place as "the Netherlands"?
Have you been using the wrong name?
Demystified / Geography & Travel
Map of the Netherlands
Why New York Is Called "The Big Apple" and How 8 Other Famous Cities Got Their Nicknames
What’s so apple-y about New York, anyway?
#WTFact / Geography & Travel
Sydney Opera House, Port Jackson, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.
6 Small Kingdoms of the World
Mini monarchies.
List / Geography & Travel
Flag of Bhutan
North America
North America, third largest of the world’s continents, lying for the most part between the Arctic Circle and the Tropic...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
North America
South America
South America, fourth largest of the world’s continents. It is the southern portion of the landmass generally referred to...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
South America
Plains Indian
Plains Indian, member of any of the Native American peoples inhabiting the Great Plains of the United States and Canada....
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Distribution of North American Plains Indians
Indo-Aryan languages
Indo-Aryan languages, subgroup of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. In the early 21st century,...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Devanagari script

Geography & Travel Quizzes

Earth's horizon and airglow viewed from the Space Shuttle Columbia.
Earth’s Features: Fact or Fiction
Are both the highest and lowest points on Earth in Asia? From continents to southern poles, test the highs and lows of your...
Planet Earth section illustration on white background.
Exploring Earth: Fact or Fiction?
Are there places on Earth that have never been surveyed? Is the sunniest place on Earth at the Equator? Test your knowledge...
Coral Reef, Red Sea
Oceans Across the World: Fact or Fiction?
Is a reef a feature of the ocean? Does the Atlantic Ocean have the world’s deepest water? Sort out the facts and see how...
Hyderabad capital of Telangana state, south-central India. (Indian city; city skyline)
India: Fact or Fiction?
You may know that India is east of Pakistan, but does most of the country lie south of the Equator? From the national flag...
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Victoria Terminus) railway station at night,  Mumbai, India. (historic, British, architecture, Bombay, victorian)
Journey to India: Fact or Fiction?
What is India’s highest peak? Is the Bay of Bengal on its east coast or west? From Punjab to Gandhi, sort out the facts in...
Indian currency (India, money, rupees, rupee, Mahatma Gandhi)
Destination India: Fact or Fiction?
Is the shilling India’s unit of currency? Is Delhi the largest city in India? From Sikkim to literacy rates, test your knowledge...
Atolls surrounded by reefs in the Maldives. (coral reefs; endangered area; ocean habitat; sea habitat; coral reef; island; island)
Islands of the World: Fact or Fiction?
You may be familiar with the islands of the Caribbean, but how much do you know about the island of Corsica? Travel beyond...
Small island in the Caribbean (tropics, beach, palm trees).
Island Discoveries: Fact or Fiction?
From Greenland and Alcatraz to Micronesia and the Republic of the Maldives, discover islands across the globe with this quiz.
A train passes through the central Ural Mountains in Russia.
Exploring Asia: Fact or Fiction?
Do all the former Soviet Central Asian countries share a common border? Was Ho Chi Minh City once called Saigon? Sort out...
Rice terraces in Vietnam. (food; farm; farming; agriculture; rice terrace; crop; grain; paddy; paddies;garden)
Destination Asia: Fact or Fiction?
You may know that Asia is one of the most populous continents on Earth, but is it also the largest? See how "large" your...
Image Gallery
Geography & Travel
Never Miss a Day in History
Sign up for daily fun facts about this day in history, updates, and special offers delivered right to your inbox.

Geography & Travel Subcategories

Toronto Cities & Towns
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Iraq Countries of the World
Although there isn’t universal agreement on the question of what qualifies as a “country,” it is generally accepted that in order to be a country, a state must be a sovereign unit that has a permanent population, defined territorial boundaries, a government, and the ability to enter into agreements with other states. Even when these conditions are met, however, internationally recognized independence is not a given, and a territorial entity that declares itself to be an independent country is not always recognized as such by the rest of the world.
Articles
Auschwitz: entrance gates Historical Places
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Model T Highways & Trails
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Distribution of California Indians Human Geography
Since 1945 human geography has contained five main divisions. The first four—economic, social, cultural, and political—reflect both the main areas of contemporary life and the social science disciplines with which geographers interact (i.e., economics, sociology, anthropology, and political science and international relations, respectively); the fifth is historical geography.
Articles
Latin inscription Languages
Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves. The functions of language include communication, the expression of identity, play, imaginative expression, and emotional release.
Articles
Africa Physical Geography of Land
Earth’s geographic history has been one marked by significant overall change, with ice ages, continental drift, and other major disruptions ultimately shaping Earth's land into the landscape of mountain ranges, deserts, islands, and volcanoes that we see today.
Articles
Lake Ann in North Cascades National Park, Washington Physical Geography of Water
Whether it's Lake Michigan, the Gulf of Panama, or the River Thames, bodies of water of all shapes and sizes can be found around the globe, and they play a critical role for human beings, who use such bodies of water as a source of drinking water, a means of transporting both goods and people themselves, or a place to engage in water sports, among a plethora of other possible uses. Additionally, many bodies of water provide striking scenes of natural beauty and house important marine ecosystems. Satiate your thirst for knowledge about Earth's oceans, lakes, seas, rivers, waterfalls, bays, and more.
Articles
Moraine Lake at dawn, Banff National Park, southwestern Alberta, Canada. Nature Reserves & National Parks
Nature reserves are areas set aside for the purpose of preserving and protecting plants and animals, particularly endangered species. National parks may effectively serve a similar purpose by shielding threatened species from hunters, but these parks can also be created for the purpose of public recreation, affording its visitors a chance to be immersed in a protected natural environment. Many national parks have been created in the last 100 years, including Yellowstone National Park, the oldest and probably the best-known national park in the United States.
Articles
Kentucky: flag States & Other Subdivisions
Every nation has its own subdivisions to demarcate smaller political units within its territory. Counties, districts, oblasts, polis, nomos, unitary authorities, boroughs, and cities are all examples (among many others) of how land can be organized.
Articles
Plain of Esdraelon Geographic Regions
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Panoramic view of Machu Picchu, Peru. Tourist Attractions
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership.
Learn More!
亚洲va天堂va无码