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Week In Review

Week in Review: February 28, 2021

Revolutionary Women

March 5, 2021, marks the 150th anniversary of the birth of Polish-born revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg.
Who was Rosa Luxemburg?
She cofounded the Spartacus League and opposed Germany’s involvement in World War I.
How did that work out?
Luxemburg and fellow socialist revolutionary Karl Liebknecht were murdered by a right-wing paramilitary group in 1919.
Opposing the war (from the other side)
Rep. Jeannette Rankin scuttled her political career not once, but twice, with votes against American involvement in both world wars.
Pacifism seems to be a recurring theme here...
Women figured prominently in the peace movement, but for many, suffrage remained the primary goal.
Renegades and rabble-rousers
Test your knowledge of female activists.

Renaissance Man

The Renaissance artist Michelangelo was born on March 6, 1475, in the Republic of Florence. He was celebrated throughout his life, first gaining notice in his 20s for his sculptures of the Pietà (1499) and David (1501). He cemented his fame with the ceiling frescoes of the Sistine Chapel (1508–12). Michelangelo’s talent to turn marble into believable flesh, to convey psychological tension, and to thoughtfully consider space, light, and shadow continues to be recognized, and he remains one of the world’s most famed artists.
Michelangelo
article / Visual Arts
Scala/Art Resource, New York
How a Rejected Block of Marble Became the World’s Most Famous Sculpture
#WTFact / Visual Arts
? lillisphotography/iStock.com

Do You Know These Women?

In honor of Women’s History Month, we’re highlighting a few female trailblazers whose stories aren’t as well known as we think they should be.
Hypatia
She was perhaps the first female mathematician of note and a leading intellect in the ancient world. However, in 415 a mob of Christian zealots brutally murdered her, believing she supported paganism.
Bessie Coleman
She broke barriers for both women and African Americans in the field of aviation. Unable to become a commercial pilot, she was a star of early air shows until her death in 1926.
Wuhou
She rose from concubinage to become the only female monarch to rule China. During her reign as empress (690–705), she unified the country and made numerous reforms.
Dorothea Dix
In the 19th century, this American reformer sought to improve the treatment of the mentally ill, leading to widespread reforms, especially in prisons.

Happy Birthday, Chicago!

On March 4, 1837, Chicago was incorporated as a city, with a population of about 4,200. Full of contrasts, Chicago is the city of the humble immigrant and the new millionaire, the home of brazen criminals such as Al Capone and of great humanitarians such as settlement-house pioneer Jane Addams. Horrific public housing high-rises coexist with innovative architecture and the beautiful Gold Coast lakefront neighborhood. Poet Carl Sandburg hailed Chicago as the “city of the big shoulders,” cunning and cruel, yet creative and strangely attractive. For all its contradictions, Chicago has been Encyclop?dia Britannica's headquarters since the 1930s, and we say Chicago is second to none.
The Windy City
article / Geography & Travel
AdstockRF
A Winning Combination of Stars and Stripes
article
Encyclop?dia Britannica, Inc.
How Well Do You Know the City by the Lake?
Quiz / World History
? rabbit75_fot/Fotolia

The Legacy of Rodney King

March 3 marks the 30th anniversary of the beating of Black motorist Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers in 1991.
“Can we get along?”
The four white officers who beat King were acquitted in April 1992. More than 50 people were killed and more than 2,300 were injured in the riots that ensued.
Memories of Watts
The 1992 riots took place a short distance from Watts, a neighborhood that burned in 1965 during unrest that was also triggered by an encounter between LAPD and a Black driver.
Documenting brutality
While video cameras were a relative rarity in the early ‘90s, the proliferation of cell phones has focused attention on the frequency of police encounters involving excessive force.
“No justice, no peace”
The unjust killing of Black people by police has fueled an international social movement dedicated to antiracism and police accountability.

For the Birds

Did you know that there are more than 200 billion birds on the planet? That comes out to about 25 per person. No wonder we see and hear so many every day. But how much do you know about birds? Read on for some interesting avian facts.
Why Is Bird Poop White?
Demystified / Science
? FloridaStock/Shutterstock.com
How Do Penguins Tell Each Other Apart?
Demystified / Science
? Kwest/stock.adobe.com

The Latest Chapter in Indian Literature

Indian literature is said to be one of the oldest traditions in the world, and it has a great variety of forms and languages. The 19th century saw the introduction of English and new structures, including the novel and short story. Here are a few authors of the modern period.
Sarojini Naidu
The first Indian woman to be president of the Indian National Congress and to be appointed an Indian state governor, Naidu was also a prolific poet whose volumes include The Golden Threshold (1905) and The Feather of the Dawn (1961).
Rabindranath Tagore
The best known of the Indian poets in English was Tagore, who wrote most of his verse first in Bengali and then translated it.
Mulk Raj Anand
One of the first novelists in English, Anand fulminated against class and caste distinction in a series of novels, including The Coolie (1936) and The Big Heart (1945). 
Arundhati Roy
The Indian author, actress, and political activist was best known for the award-winning novel The God of Small Things (1997) and for her involvement in environmental and human rights causes.

“The Hills Are Alive...”

Robert Wise’s adaptation of the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical The Sound of Music premiered on March 2, 1965. The film received mixed critical reviews but it was a massive box office success, due in large part to the spellbinding performance of Julie Andrews in the lead role (you try clicking your heels at full stride while carrying luggage and not missing a note).It remains one of the top-grossing movies of all time.
A Problem Like Maria
article / Entertainment & Pop Culture
Courtesy of Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation
What Was the Real Trapp Family Like?
article / World History
? 1965 Twentieth Century-Fox Corporation
Austria Had a Lot More “Rolfes” than “Georgs”
article
? Marschalek/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

The Battle of Adwa

On March 1, 1896, Ethiopian forces routed an Italian army, checking Italian colonial ambitions in Africa.
What was the significance of Adwa?
The battle represented the first crushing defeat of a European power by an African army during the colonial era.
Menilek II
By destroying a European army, the Ethiopian emperor greatly enhanced his international standing and secured his country’s sovereignty.
But that wasn’t the end of it...
The Italians spent the next four decades stinging from the loss. They invaded Ethiopia again in 1935.
And how did that turn out?
Italy’s naked aggression exposed the fatal weakness of the League of Nations and helped lay the foundation for World War II.
The Ethiopians were down but not out
Emperor Haile Selassie I, backed by the British, drove the Italians from Ethiopia in 1941, making his country one of the first territories to be liberated from Axis occupation.

Happy Birthday, Yellowstone!

On March 1, 1872, Yellowstone was officially established as the first national park in the U.S. A nature lover’s dream, it is home to majestic mountains, abundant wildlife, and the greatest concentration of hydrothermal features in the world. While the COVID-19 pandemic has limited visits, the park typically attracts millions of people each year.
“Wonderland”
article / Geography & Travel
? HaizhanZheng—E+/Getty Images
The Most Famous Geyser in North America
article / Geography & Travel
iStockphoto/Thinkstock
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